mand and woman's hands clinking icewine glasses

Icewine is a signature sweet dessert wine that is widely distributed in cold regions; it is produced through the fermentation of juice from pressed frozen grapes.

cfDNA in tube

Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) refers to all circulating DNA present in the bloodstream which may originate from apoptotic cells as a part of the natural cell turnover, from cancer cells or fetal cells.

Artist rendering mitochondrial DNA

Disease is defined as a state of disorder that lays the groundwork for conditions of ill health. Even the most complex disease begins with cellular imbalance, and scientists are looking to discover biomarkers that can detect the earliest signs of pathogenesis.

Figure 2. Comparison based on recovery of each individual spiked-in DNA fragment

A recent study conducted by researchers at the Macquarie University in Sydney, Australia evaluated the efficiency of several commercially available kits for extracting cell-free circulating DNA from plasma samples.

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