As researchers and clinicians delve into the gut with a multi-omics approach, multiple aspects of the gut microbiome are considered. For example, the microbial genome, transcriptome, and metabolites for the entire microbial community are profiled.
For the past several years, there has been evolving evidence that alteration in gene expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) is associated with several diseases, including human malignancies such as prostate cancer (PCa).
Exosomes have become a hot topic lately in the field of molecular medicine. In 2020, a group of scientists from Mexico became the first to discover placental exosomes in the urine of patients with gestational diabetes.